Grub Rescue commands

The grub rescue> prompt comes when grub is missing. Some times if you have dual boot system and you ┬ádelete any partition contains win 7. To rewrite the partition table when you reboot, you can stuck with this grub rescue prompt. Here you find no commands works, So dont panic follow these steps, and you will get your lost child ­čśÇ

Step 1. List the partition you have on the disk
grub-rescue> ls

Step 2. The above command display some partition and from these partition find out which has /boot/grub,Which contains several .mod files.
grub-rescue> ls (hd0,5)/boot/grub
If you will find some files, it means this disk contains the grub file, else search in other partitions.

Step 3. set this partition
grub-rescue> set prefix=(hd0,5)/boot/grub

Step 4. Now insert module on kernel using insmod (install loadable kernel module) command.
grub-rescue> insmod normal

Step 5. Restart the machine

Now after the machine boot in linux update and install your grub
Open a terminal and type below commands

$ sudo update-grub
$ sudo grub-install /dev/sda


RED5 installation on ubuntu 12.04

Red5 is open source streaming server under Apache licencing. Most of the video conferencing tools like BigBlueButton Open Meeting uses RED5 for the video streaming server.
In this post I will explain the latest version red5-1.0 installation on ubuntu 12.04. We can also install red5 using the source by compiling it using ant.

Step 1. Update the repo
$ sudo apt-get update

Step 2. Install the package. It contain all the basic libs and java required for the red5
$ sudo apt-get install red5-server

It will take some time depends on your internet speed.

Step 3. After Installation is complete open browser and type
url http://localhost:5080


You will find red5 page. Now you need to install the packages to run the demos and to use the red5 server as streaming server.

Step 4. Download the demos
$ wget

Step 5. unzip the file and change the directory
$ unzip -d red5
$ cd red5

Step 6. Copy the demos and installer to working directory of red5
$ sudo cp -R webapps/root/demos /var/lib/red5/webapps/root/demos
$ sudo cp -R webapps/installer /var/lib/red5/webapps/installer

Step 7. Change the ownership to red5
$ sudo find /var/lib/red5/webapps/ -type d -exec chown _red5 {} \;

Step 8. Now click on install link which you find on the page open by above link.

Step 9. Install all the packages listed. It will take some time depends on the internet speed.

Step 10. Go back to home page and click on demos to check the demos. click on view video link you will find a new page and then click on connect find it on the right of the page and to left you will see list of default videos.


If the default video starts your installation is successful. If you find the connection error like

163) Connections: true | true
(80550) connected?: true
(80684) NetConnection.onStatus:
description = No scope “oflaDemo” on this server.
code = NetConnection.Connect.Rejected
level = error

your oflaDemo war package is not proper to solve this problem you have to download this package and placed it in

$ wget

unzip the war file
$ unzip oflaDemo-r3989-java6.war

restart the server
$ sudo service red5-server restart

Refresh the page and you will find the video running …


Authentication for Nginx server

Nginx is open source web and reverse proxy server.In this blog we will learn how to create authentication on Nginx server to access the web site running on nginx server.
I have create a scenario to apply the authentication. lets the domain name of website is www.gnu-org, and its running by Nginx web server. Document root for the site is in /var/www/html/gnu-linux and the configuration of the nginx for the gnu-linux is in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

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